Women's Health Matters

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2016

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No safe level of smoking: just one cigarette per day significantly increases mortality risk, study finds

New research highlights the dangers of smoking even for very light smokers. A new study found that people who smoke one or fewer cigarettes per day over a long period still had significantly higher all-cause mortality than non-smokers. The study on low-intensity smoking looked at mortality rates...

Web-based program for insomnia effective in clinical trial

Patients using a web-based cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) program for insomnia showed significant improvements in sleep symptoms in a recent clinical trial. CBT is currently the recommended treatment for insomnia. Research has shown it to be effective, and its benefits tend to last longer than...

Even for people genetically predisposed to heart disease, healthy lifestyle significantly lowers risk

For coronary heart disease risk, genes may not be destiny. New research suggests that even for people at high genetic risk for heart disease, a healthy lifestyle can substantially reduce that risk. The large study included data on more than 55,000 people from three prospective studies and one...

Older women benefit from breast reconstruction as much as younger women, with no increase in complications

Older women get the same benefits from breast reconstruction surgery as younger women, without higher complication rates, a new study shows. Researchers at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor looked at how age affects outcomes of breast reconstruction surgery. According to background...

Longer time interval between bariatric surgery and childbirth may decrease perinatal risks

Waiting longer than two years after bariatric surgery to give birth may decrease the risk of having a premature or small baby, or a baby requiring admission to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Results of a new study show that babies born within two years of their mothers’ bariatric surgery...

For diabetes prevention, more exercise is associated with more benefits

New research confirmed the benefits of exercise in reducing the risk of Type 2 diabetes: pooled analysis of 28 studies found that meeting recommended physical activity guidelines reduced diabetes risk by 26 per cent. However, the research also showed that more activity yielded significantly more...

Removing ovaries may not reduce breast cancer risk in women with BRCA1 mutations, WCH study finds

Removal of the ovaries may not reduce the risk of breast cancer for women with BRCA1 mutations, researchers at Women’s College Hospital (WCH) found.  Women with BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations are at high risk for both breast cancer and ovarian cancer. Removing the ovaries and fallopian tubes...

Study projects high lifetime diabetes risks in Canada, especially for First Nations

A new Canadian study found alarmingly high lifetime risk levels for diabetes, especially in First Nations people. For young people (age 20), the study projected that eight in 10 First Nations people will develop diabetes in their lifetime, and five in 10 non-First Nations people will develop the...

Flu shots linked to lower rates of hospitalizations for stroke, heart failure in Type 2 diabetes patients

In a new study, Type 2 diabetes patients who got a flu shot had lower rates of hospital admission for certain cardiovascular events, as well as for pneumonia and flu, than those who were unvaccinated. During flu season, hospital admissions for patients who were vaccinated were 30 per cent lower...

Alberta study results support effectiveness of three-dose HPV vaccination programs

New research supports the effectiveness of a human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination program in Alberta. The results suggest that women who received all three recommended doses of the vaccine were significantly less likely to have abnormal Pap test results than those who were not vaccinated. HPV...

Opioid use for chronic pain increases mortality risk over other pain meds, study finds

Patients with chronic pain who are being treated with long-acting opioids have a much higher risk of death than those being treated with other medications, a new study shows. The study results also underscore that death risks associated with opioids go beyond accidental overdose. Researchers led...

People with self-stigma less likely to seek mental health information, study finds

The likelihood of someone seeking information about how to get mental health counselling, or even just information about mental health issues, is significantly lower for people with high levels of self-stigma, researchers found. This link was clear even though they could seek information privately...

Researchers identify factors that may account for statin treatment gap between women and men

Statins are used to help prevent cardiovascular events, such as heart attacks, in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). They are equally effective in women and men, but women are less likely to be prescribed statins. Researchers at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts...

New study links specific course of depression symptoms to dementia risk

A study of different patterns of depression in older adults found that those with steadily increasing depression symptoms had higher risk of developing dementia. Depression late in life has already been linked to increased risk of dementia, but since depression follows different patterns, the...

International study links walkable neighbourhoods to higher physical activity levels

A new study provides further evidence of the link between urban environments and physical activity. The study included 14 cities in 10 countries on five continents. Despite the diversity of the cities included, the results suggest common neighbourhood factors that support physical activity all over...

Study links endometriosis to higher risk of coronary heart disease

Women with endometriosis may have higher risk of heart attack, angina, or having bypass surgery or angioplasty, new research indicates. These risks were more pronounced in women under age 40. Endometriosis is a gynecologic condition in which tissue that resembles endometrium (the lining of the...

Study finds exercise may slow cognitive decline

A new study provides more evidence of the benefits of exercise. The study found that people with higher physical activity levels had a slower rate of decline on tests of cognitive abilities. Researchers at Columbia University in New York and the University of Miami in Florida used data from the...

For women with schizophrenia, psychiatric emergencies and hospitalization decline during pregnancy and postpartum

Women with schizophrenia had fewer psychiatric emergencies and hospitalizations while pregnant and during the first year after giving birth, than they did in the year before they conceived, a new study found. The research provides important information for women with schizophrenia who are making...

Study links concussion with increased long-term suicide risk

A recent study found an increased long-term risk of suicide in people who have had a concussion. This risk was even higher in people who were diagnosed with a concussion on a weekend. Concussions are traumatic brain injuries that are usually caused by a blow to the head. Concussion symptoms are...

Study shows sharp decline in HPV infections since introduction of vaccine

A new study of young women in the United States found that prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in young women had dropped significantly six years after the introduction of HPV vaccine. The study results showed a sharp decrease in the types of HPV infection targeted by the vaccine. In young...

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