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2015 | 2014 | 2013

Worrying trends continue in long-term sedative use

A new study renews concerns about long-term sedative use in Canada. Researchers found that despite efforts to lower the chronic use of benzodiazepines and benzodiazepine-like sedatives, long-term use remained stable in older adults, and increased in younger adults. Benzodiazepines include the...

Cost prevents 1 in 12 older Canadians from taking their prescribed medication

Out-of-pocket costs for prescription drugs prevent many Canadians from taking medication as directed. A new study shows 8.3 per cent – or one in 12 – Canadians ages 55 and over either skipped doses or did not fill prescription because of cost in 2014. People who do not take medications as...

Women giving birth in rural Canada have higher rates of maternal morbidity than urban women

Pregnant women who live in rural areas are more likely to have obstetrical emergencies or serious health problems when giving birth than women who live in urban areas, results from a new Canadian study show. Previous research has compared childbirth outcomes in infants born in rural and urban...

Study reveals surprising number of Canadians with urgently high blood pressure

A Canadian hypertension awareness campaign revealed that half of people tested required treatment for high blood pressure, including a group whose blood pressure levels were at emergency levels. Researchers at the University of Manitoba and St. Boniface Hospital Research Centre in Winnipeg set up...

No safe level of smoking: just one cigarette per day significantly increases mortality risk, study finds

New research highlights the dangers of smoking even for very light smokers. A new study found that people who smoke one or fewer cigarettes per day over a long period still had significantly higher all-cause mortality than non-smokers. The study on low-intensity smoking looked at mortality rates...

Web-based program for insomnia effective in clinical trial

Patients using a web-based cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) program for insomnia showed significant improvements in sleep symptoms in a recent clinical trial. CBT is currently the recommended treatment for insomnia. Research has shown it to be effective, and its benefits tend to last longer than...

Even for people genetically predisposed to heart disease, healthy lifestyle significantly lowers risk

For coronary heart disease risk, genes may not be destiny. New research suggests that even for people at high genetic risk for heart disease, a healthy lifestyle can substantially reduce that risk. The large study included data on more than 55,000 people from three prospective studies and one...

Older women benefit from breast reconstruction as much as younger women, with no increase in complications

Older women get the same benefits from breast reconstruction surgery as younger women, without higher complication rates, a new study shows. Researchers at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor looked at how age affects outcomes of breast reconstruction surgery. According to background...

Longer time interval between bariatric surgery and childbirth may decrease perinatal risks

Waiting longer than two years after bariatric surgery to give birth may decrease the risk of having a premature or small baby, or a baby requiring admission to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Results of a new study show that babies born within two years of their mothers’ bariatric surgery...

For diabetes prevention, more exercise is associated with more benefits

New research confirmed the benefits of exercise in reducing the risk of Type 2 diabetes: pooled analysis of 28 studies found that meeting recommended physical activity guidelines reduced diabetes risk by 26 per cent. However, the research also showed that more activity yielded significantly more...

Removing ovaries may not reduce breast cancer risk in women with BRCA1 mutations, WCH study finds

Removal of the ovaries may not reduce the risk of breast cancer for women with BRCA1 mutations, researchers at Women’s College Hospital (WCH) found.  Women with BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations are at high risk for both breast cancer and ovarian cancer. Removing the ovaries and fallopian tubes...

Study projects high lifetime diabetes risks in Canada, especially for First Nations

A new Canadian study found alarmingly high lifetime risk levels for diabetes, especially in First Nations people. For young people (age 20), the study projected that eight in 10 First Nations people will develop diabetes in their lifetime, and five in 10 non-First Nations people will develop the...

Flu shots linked to lower rates of hospitalizations for stroke, heart failure in Type 2 diabetes patients

In a new study, Type 2 diabetes patients who got a flu shot had lower rates of hospital admission for certain cardiovascular events, as well as for pneumonia and flu, than those who were unvaccinated. During flu season, hospital admissions for patients who were vaccinated were 30 per cent lower...

Alberta study results support effectiveness of three-dose HPV vaccination programs

New research supports the effectiveness of a human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination program in Alberta. The results suggest that women who received all three recommended doses of the vaccine were significantly less likely to have abnormal Pap test results than those who were not vaccinated. HPV...

Opioid use for chronic pain increases mortality risk over other pain meds, study finds

Patients with chronic pain who are being treated with long-acting opioids have a much higher risk of death than those being treated with other medications, a new study shows. The study results also underscore that death risks associated with opioids go beyond accidental overdose. Researchers led...

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